Therapeutic applications and characteristics of Falcaria vulgaris in traditional medicine and experimental studies

Document Type : Review Article


1 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

3 Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Health Technology Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Health Technology Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.


Objective: Falcaria vulgaris is a herb with various applications in traditional medicine, including treatment of skin and gastric ulcers, liver diseases and gastrointestinal problems. It contains many valuable and important compounds with antioxidants and anti-ulcer properties, including carvacrol, spathulenol, limonene, tannins and saponins. In recent years, besides confirming many of its conventional uses, new beneficial properties of this plant have been identified. The purpose of this review is to investigate the therapeutic applications and botanical characteristics of F. vulgaris in traditional medicine and experimental studies.
Materials and Methods: This study was a systematic review using the keywords "Falcaria vulgaris," "Therapeutic properties" and "Animal studies", 100 articles were extracted from various databases, including PubMed, SinceDirect, SID (scientific information database) and google search engines without time limit; after several stages of title monitoring and abstracts review, finally, 70 articles were selected for this study.
Results: In traditional medicine of different countries, several therapeutic properties have been reported for F. vulgaris, most of which are attributed to its antioxidant content and the presence of tannins and saponins. In recent decades, many studies have been done to identify and confirm the medicinal properties of F. vulgaris, including antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-diabetic effects, healing properties of skin and stomach ulcers, and protection of the liver and kidney.
Conclusion: F. vulgaris has a variety of biological properties and is used as a valuable plant in medical research that helps to improve health and prevent some diseases.


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